Our Global Strategic Information unit along with the San Francisco Department of Public Health's HIV Epidemiology section has created this free and publicly available toolbox to complement what we do every day: provide training, technical assistance and active mentoring in a variety of effective methodologies for domestic and international surveillance. Essential to our approach are surveillance tools that can be locally adapted and used to produce high-quality, user-friendly, practical, reliable and reproducible data that will inform policy and programs to improve the health of HIV-affected populations and reduce the spread of the virus.
This toolbox is for governments, nongovernmental organizations, and private researchers who wish to implement IBBS surveys for key populations at higher risk for HIV infection. The toolbox features two methods
- Time location sampling (TLS)
- Respondent driven sampling (RDS)
These methods focus on three key populations at higher risk for HIV infection
- Female sex workers (FSW)
- Men who have sex with men (MSM)
- Persons who inject drugs (PWID)
However, these tools are easily modifiable for other sampling designs as appropriate. This toolbox is complete with everything you would need to implement a survey. These documents are based on our years of experience implementing IBBS all over the world, including San Francisco, CA; eight countries in Africa; Brazil; China and the Caribbean.
- Sample protocol for an IBBS of FSW using RDS (PDF), (DOC)
- Sample protocol for an IBBS of MSM using TLS (PDF), (DOC)
- Sample budgets:
Formative + RDS Budget (XLS)
Formative TLS Budget (XLS)
- RDS and TLS job descriptions (DOC)
- Formative assessment operations manual (PDF), (DOC)
- Key informant interview and focus group instruments (PDF)
- RDS operations manual (PDF), (DOC)
- Coupon manager log (XLS)
- TLS operations manual (PDF), (DOC)
- IBBS behavioral questionnaires:
Behavioral questionnaires (PDF)
FSW Survey Instrument (XLS)
MSM Survey Instrument (XLS)
PWID Survey Instrument (XLS)
- Unique object and event multipliers operations manual (PDF), (DOC)
- Population estimate worksheets (PDF)
Population Size Estimation Summary Tool (XLS)
The last step is to use the findings to determine what interventions are best suited to the needs of the key population.
Please visit our compilation of lessons learned from past surveys for further pointers.