Rebounding Malaria and the Ethics of Eradication: The WHO Campaign in Zanzibar c. 1968 and Contemporary Implications


1 to 2 pm

amfAR Conference Room
Mission Hall 3700
550 16th St.
San Francisco, CA 94158

Melissa Graboyes, PhD, MPH, is a historian of modern Africa and currently an assistant professor of African & Medical History in the Clark Honors College at the University of Oregon. In her research, she draws on a variety of historical and anthropological methods to examine issues related to science, medicine, health and disease on the African continent. Dr. Graboyes is currently working on a new book project that chronicles the history of malaria elimination attempts in Zanzibar, taking a close look at the World Health Organization's failed elimination attempt between 1958 and 1968 and the epidemic of rebound malaria that struck the island afterwards. 

A particular focus is the ethical questions emerging around the loss of acquired immunity, how local communities understand the potential risks, and how international global health groups plan responsible exit strategies. The historical case study is framed in light of Zanzibar's current malaria elimination activities and based on extensive work in teh Zanzibar National Archives and the WHO archives, in addition to interviews and observations in Zanzibar.