Public-Private Integrated Partnerships (PPIPs) are a novel way for resource-constrained governments in developing countries to simultaneously improve health infrastructure and healthcare service provision, while creating a platform for addressing other system-wide inefficiencies. PPIPs enable national governments to prudently leverage private sector expertise and investment to serve public policy goals—specifically the provision of high quality, affordable preventive and curative care to all citizens. The PPIP model delivers a “complete bundle” of services, while simultaneously providing a vehicle for local economic empowerment.
PPIPs are a special form of public-private partnership (PPP) that comprise long-term, highly structured relationships between the public and private sectors designed to achieve significant and sustainable improvements to systems at national or sub-national levels. PPIPs position a private entity, or consortium of private partners, in a long-term relationship with a government to co-finance, design, build, and operate healthcare facilities, and to deliver both clinical and non-clinical services at those facilities over a decade or more. The new, state-of-the-art facilities or renovated facilities that result from a PPIP are owned by the government during all phases of the contract.
Unlike other PPPs, PPIPs go beyond private investment in buildings and maintenance. The private partners are also responsible for delivering all clinical and non-clinical services at the facilities, from surgery to immunization to ambulances. Most importantly, PPIPs aim to be “cost neutral” to patients, who incur the same out-of-pocket payments, usually zero or minimal, as they did in the previous dilapidated and poorly run public facilities.
Since 2008 the Global Health Group has focused specific research on the PPIP model, publishing a range of articles and organizing a series of international conferences and south-south learning exchanges, to facilitate discussion of their potential uses to strengthen health infrastructure and service provision in the developing world.
Following a baseline-setting conference on PPIPs at Wilton Park, UK in April 2008, the Global Health Group’s work on PPIPs has included several meetings with Ministries of Health across sub-Saharan Africa to inform them about the PPIP model, determine their interest in exploring it further, and assist them to identify potential projects, as well as second meeting on PPIPs at Wilton Park in September 2010.