Faculty Affiliate Program Lecture Series - Past

2016

Collateral damage: The unseen killer in the Ebola outbreak

UCSF Mission Bay
Mission Hall, Room 1407
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Dr. Andrea Tenner will discuss the role that health systems (and specifically, the emergency care system) play in disaster preparedness and response, and she will address the devastating consequences of system collapse, using her experience with the Ebola crisis as an example.

Andrea (Andi) Tenner, MD, MPH, is a pysician in emergency medicine and internal medicine. She attended Baylor College of Medicine for medical school, University of Illinois at Chicago for her residency, and Columbia University to complete a fellowship in International Emergency Medicine and an MPH with a focus on forced migration. She is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine and is a UCSF Global Health Sciences Faculty Affiliate Program member. Her field experience includes working in an active conflict zone in the Democratic Republic of Congo, responding to a building collapse in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and overseeing Ebola Isolation Units for the International Rescue Committe in Sierra Leone.

Mental Health: HIV and Domestic Violence in Kenya

UCSF Mission Bay
Mission Hall, Room 1407
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HIV+ women experience gender based violence (GBV) at extraordinarily high levels, and over half of the women affected by GBV develop debilitating, chronic depression and/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Left untreated, depression and PTSD are typically debilitating, chronic conditions and are highly associated with HIV treatment default. The majority of the world’s HIV+ women live in sub-Saharan Africa where most of the population has no access to evidence-based mental health care.

The MIND study at the Lumumba Health Center, FACES, Kisumu, Kenya, provides evidence-based mental health care for depression and PTSD to HIV+ GBV+ women in Kenya to improve mental, physical and economic health in a scalable manner through a type 1 hybrid effectiveness-implementation design.

Susan Meffert, MD, MPH, is an Assistant Professor in the UCSF Department of Psychiatry, a UCSF Global Health Sciences Faculty Affiliate and former UCSF Burke Scholar and Hellman Fellow. She received her BS, BA and MA degrees from Stanford University, MD degree from the University of Iowa College of Medicine and her MPH in international health from Harvard University.

Long-term ocular sequelae after Ebola virus disease in Sierra Leone

UCSF Mission Bay
Mission Hall, Room 1406
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The recent Ebola virus disease epidemic in West Africa is the largest in history with close to 29 thousand cases and 11 thousand deaths in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. There has been significant progress in controlling the outbreak in West Africa; in September WHO declared Liberia Ebola free. Although transmission is still occurring in Guinea, over the last several months the weekly number of new cases has ranged from 0 to 4.

The unprecedented size of this outbreak generated more Ebola survivors than ever before. Survivors suffer from persistent medical conditions including joint pain, eye problems, headaches and other chronic health issues.

Dr. Gaynor was asked by Partners in Health, Wellbody Alliance, Emory University and Sierra Leone Ministry of Health in September and October 2015 to evaluate ocular sequelae in EVD survivors in Sierra Leone and will provide a summary of his findings.

Bruce D. Gaynor, MD is an Associate Professor in the Department of Ophthalmology and the FI Proctor Foundation at UCSF.

Tuberculosis: Finding the missing 3 million cases

November 18, 2015 - 12:00pm - 1:00pm
UCSF Mission Bay
Mission Hall, Room 1407

Tuberculosis now ranks alongside HIV as the leading cause of death from infectious disease globally. In 2014, there were an estimated 9.6 million new cases and 1.5 million deaths from tuberculosis globally. The WHO has estimated that more than 3 million people are currently not being diagnosed with active tuberculosis and are ‘missed’ by health systems. To address this challenge, there must be vigorous application of existing control interventions as well as the introduction of new approaches to tuberculosis case finding. In this talk, Dr. Fair will review the current state of tuberculosis globally and discuss her research in Tanzania focused on setting up systems to improve active case finding and contact investigation for tuberculosis.

Elizabeth Fair, PhD, MPH is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Medicine. She is also an affiliated faculty member of the UCSF Curry International Tuberculosis Center and UCSF Global Health Sciences.

The Forgotten Role of Anesthesia in Global Health

Wednesday, October 7
noon to 1:00pm
UCSF Mission Bay
Mission Hall, Room 1407

Michael Lipnick MD is co-Director of Global Partners in Anesthesia and Surgery (GPAS—globalsurgery.org) and Director of Anesthesia for the UCSF HEAL Global Health Fellowship. Michael will discuss some of the ongoing efforts to improve access to surgical, perioperative, pain and palliative care services in resource-constrained settings, as well as some of the reasons why anesthesia has historically been excluded from the global health dialogue.

Leveraging incentives for global tobacco control: Sin taxes and beyond

Wednesday, September 16
noon to 1:00pm
UCSF Mission Bay
Mission Hall, Room 1406

Presenter

Justin White, PhD

Tobacco use is a leading cause of death worldwide, with most deaths concentrated in low- and middle-income countries. While taxation lies at the center of national tobacco control strategies, recent research points to ways to strengthen tax policy and leverage other types of financial incentives to curb tobacco use. In this talk, Dr. White reviews these recent developments, including the contribution of insights from the field of behavioral economics.

Justin White, PhD, is an Assistant Professor of Health Economics, with joint appointments in the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies and the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. He is also an affiliate of the UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education and UCSF Global Health Sciences.

Groundbreaking but not earth-shattering: Providing clean cookstoves to the bottom billion

Wednesday, August 19
noon to 1:00pm
UCSF Mission Bay
Mission Hall, Room 1407

Presenter

Dr. Lisa Thompson, RN, FNP, PhD
Associate Professor, Family Health Care Nursing
Global Health Sciences PhD Program Director

In May 2015, the World Health Assembly adopted a resolution to address the health impacts of air pollution—the world's largest single environmental health risk. Every year 4.3 million deaths occur from exposure to household air pollution from cooking billion" is not a simple solution. Dr. Thompson will discuss her research in Guatemala that addresses women's empowerment and household-level behavioral change through the provision of affordable gas stoves to women in rural and peri-urban Guatemala.

New Paradigms for Health Worker Training: Lessons from the Pacific AIDS Education & Training Center (PAETC)

Wednesday, July 8
1:00 to 2:00pm
UCSF Mission Bay
Mission Hall, Room 1407
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Presenters

Michael Reyes, MD, MPH, Principal Investigator for the PAETC and Steve Bromer, MD, PAETC Clinical Director, will present new directions for engaging health care teams with the HIV Continuum of Care. They will discuss efforts from UCSF's Center of Excellence in Primary Care that include Practice Transformation and an overview of the 10 Building Blocks of High-Performing Primary Care. After the presentation they will engage the audience in a riveting discussion about implications for global health programs.

The evolution of the HIV epidemic in Kenya, from viral introduction to 90-90-90

Wednesday, June 10
Noon to 1:00pm
UCSF Mission Bay
Mission Hall, Room 1407
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Speaker

Dr. George Rutherford is the director of the Prevention and Public Health Group; Salvatore Pablo Lucia Professor of Preventive Medicine; head of the Division of Infectious Disease Epidemiology; vice chair of the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics in the School of Medicine. He is also the director of the Global Response Core at the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies and coordinating editor of the Cochrane Collaborative Review Group on HIV Infection and AIDS.

2013

Public Health Reconstruction in Post-earthquake Haiti

Jordan W. Tappero, MD, MPH
Associate Director for Science, Center for Global Health
Center for Disease Control and Prevention

April 10, 2013
12:00–1:00pm
HSW301, Parnassus campus

Jordan W. Tappero, MD, MPH is currently serving as Associate Director for Science, Center for Global Health (CGH) at the CDC. From January 2010 through December 2012, he directed CDC's Health Systems Reconstruction Office in CGH, an office opened in response to the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti. From August through December 2009, Dr. Tappero was detailed to the Dept. of Health and Human Services to serve as the CDC Liaison to the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response for the 2009 H1N1 Influenza Response. Prior to these details, Dr. Tappero served from August 2008 to July 2009 as Acting Deputy Director for CDC's Global AIDS Program (GAP), a component of President Bush's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Before joining CDC, Dr. Tappero was an Associate Professor with the University of California, San Francisco.

2012

A National Cancer Plan for Mexico

Alejandro Mohar
Director General, INCAN, Mexico

Monday, January 30, 2012
1:00–2:00pm
Bakar Auditorium (HD-160)
Helen Diller Family Cancer Research Building
1450 3rd Street, UCSF Mission Bay Campus

Alejandro Mohar, MD, ScD is the current director of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico (INCAN), the leading institution and governing body for cancer control in Mexico. In this role, Dr. Mohar manages INCAN’s involvement in cancer policy, treatment, education, and research in Mexico. He brings a public health and medical perspective to the burden of cancer in Latin America and to the interventions that can prevent and treat the disease.

2011

Reengineering Aid: A Bold Agenda for the 21st Century

Sir Richard Feachem
Director, UCSF Global Health Group

Wednesday, October 5, 2011
4:00–5:30pm
HSW-301 (enter through 513 Parnassus)

Sir Richard Feachem, KBE, CBE, BSc, PhD, DSc(Med), FREng, HonFFPHM, HonDEng will summarize the history of aid over the past 60 years, the evidence on aid effectiveness, and the current controversies surrounding aid. He will position this debate in the context of the global financial crisis and the strenuous deficit reduction measures ongoing in most donor countries. Finally, Sir Richard will propose some building blocks for a new aid model, more suited to the geopolitical and economic realities of the 21st century.

Teri Reynolds: Feasibility and Diagnostic Impact of Bedside Ultrasound Training in An Urban Public Emergency Department in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

June 1, 2011, 4:00 to 5:00 pm
Nursing 225, UCSF Parnassus Campus

Teri Reynolds, MD, recent GHS master's graduate and Burke Family Global Health Faculty Scholar, will describe training protocol and the utilization of ultrasound during follow up, as well current expanded ultrasound research at the site in Tanzania.

Kimberly Page: Sex, Drugs, Culture and Policy Challenges: The HIV Epidemic in Young High—risk Women in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

April 6, 2011, 4:00 to 5:30 pm
Pottruck Auditorium, Rock Hall 102, UCSF Mission Bay Campus

Dr. Kimberly Page, Associate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Division of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, will present the lecture. The HIV epidemic in Cambodia was once considered one of the worst in Southeast Asia. Factors contributing to the Cambodian epidemic include poverty, high levels of STIs, trafficking in women and girls, widespread patronage of female sex workers (FSW) and a highly mobile workforce In the general population, there have been significant declines in HIV infection accompanied by improvements in access to VCT and antiretroviral therapy. But young women continue to be disproportionally affected and infected by HIV. The Cambodian experience provides a history of the challenges of HIV prevention among young female sex workers; evidence of new risks, and how policies that aim to help, may have serious unintended adverse public health consequences.

Foul Water Fiery Serpent - Screening and Q&A

March 2, 2011, 4:00 to 5:30 pm
Byers Auditorium, Genentech Hall, UCSF Mission Bay Campus

This is a documentary feature film that follows dedicated health workers engaged in a battle to eradicate the Guinea worm parasite, a horrific disease in Africa. Director Gary Strieker and Executive Director Hannah Park will be on hand to discuss the film, which features Jimmy Carter and narration by Sigourney Weaver. This is a great public health story — with lots of lessons to be learned.

Craig Van Dyke: Addressing Global Inequities in Mental Health Care

February 2, 2011
Mental illness is a major contributor to the global burden of disease with unipolar depression expected to be the second leading cause of disability within a few years. In low and middle income countries most individuals with mental illness go untreated because of stigma and a paucity of resources. There is now a worldwide effort underway to tackle this inequity by providing systematic care through a variety of innovative approaches. Dr. Craig Van Dyke, Professor, Department of Psychiatry, and Director, Global Mental Health Program kicked off the 2011 lecture series on Wednesday, 4:00 pm, HSW-301 on the Parnassus campus.

2010

Peter Orner, Annie Holmes and Shonali Shome - The Crisis in Zimbabwe: Health and Health Care Implications

December 6, 2010
Voice of Witness is a nonprofit book series founded by Dave Eggers and Lola Vollen that empowers those most closely affected by contemporary social injustice. Using oral history as a foundation, the series depicts human rights crises around the world through the stories of the men and women who experience them. The Global Health Sciences Lecture Series and the UCSF Medical Humanities Program will present Peter Orner and Annie Holmes who will discuss the new book they have edited for the series, Hope Deferred: Narratives of Zimbabwean Lives; with a response from Shonali Shome of AIDS-free World. Ms. Shome will also talk about her recent report on sexual violence in Zimbabwe, Electing to Rape: Sexual Terror in Mugabe’s Zimbabwe.

Willi McFarland - Time-Location Sampling for Hidden and Vulnerable Populations: Lessons Learned from Around the World

November 1, 2010
The populations most at risk for HIV, including men who have sex with men, injection drug users, and sex workers are often difficult to reach because the behaviors that lead to HIV infection are stigmatized, illegal or both in many parts of the world. Obtaining true population-based samples of these marginalized communities is virtually impossible, creating a dilemma for evidence-based public health decision-making. A few new sampling methods have been developed and widely disseminated for use in these populations in the last few years, prinicipal among them respondent-driven sampling (RDS) and time-location sampling (TLS). While not true probability-based methods, they are used to obtain diverse, inclusive and reproducible cross-sectional samples of hidden and vulnerable populations. The presentation will focus on the theory, practice and comparative strengths and weaknesses of TLS based on lessons learned through UCSF/SFDPH research projects in China, Brazil, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and San Francisco. Willi McFarland, MD, PhD, MPH & TM, is associate professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, affiliated with the Prevention and Public Health Group of GHS. He is jointly appointed to the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) and is director of the HIV Epidemiology Section at the San Francisco Department of Public Health. Educated at Stanford and Tulane, Dr. McFarland is board certified in general preventive medicine and public health.

Bay Area Global Health Summit: Innovation and action for the next decade

October 13, 2010
Leading global health and development experts discussed new strategies to improve global health. Presente

Robert Martin - Laboratory Systems Development in Resource Limited Countries - Challenges and Opportunities

September 13, 2010
Robert Martin, MPH, DrPH, is Director of Laboratory Systems Development at the International Training and Education Center for Health (I-TECH), based at the University of Washington. Working in public health since 1973, he recently came to I-TECH from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) where he provided leadership in the develpment of regulation impacting the practice of laboratory medicine in the US (Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments) and was instrucmental in a nationwide effort leading to the concept of a national system encompassing both public and private laboratories. In his capacity with the CDC he worked with the Global AIDS Program, the Defense Threat Program, the World Bank and the World Health Organization (WHO). I-TECH is a global network that supports the development of a skilled workforce and well-organized national health delivery system. McKusick Conference Room, 50 Beale Street, 13th floor. CME was not available for this program.

Dominic Montagu - Build It and They Will Not Come: New Data on Attended Deliveries in Africa and Asia

June 7, 2010
Reducing the global burden of preventable maternal, neonatal and child deaths is a key development priority for the 2010 Group of Eight (G8) Summit. However, there is an ongoing debate on the relative merits of delivering maternal health packages through scaled up health care facilities versus scaled up community-based approaches. In order to build a multi-country knowledge base on place of birth, demographic and health surveys were conducted in 48 low- and middle-income countries to assess the frequency of home births by women of differing income quintiles, and whether or not those births were attended by a traditional birth attendant or other trained professional. The results demonstrate that the majority of poor women in Southeast Asia, South Asia and Africa give birth at home. Cost and access are reported as barriers to facility-based deliveries in only one-third of home-deliveries - with approximately equal response rates among unattended and attended home births. The implication of this is that there are no easy fixes to get women into facilities for births: lowering the cost or making a new clinic closer to a woman’s home will not make a large impact. Community-led initiatives are needed to attend to women where they live. Dominic Montagu is Assistant Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Lead for the Global Health Group’s Health Systems Initiative.

Gavin Yamey - Narrowing the Gap Between Evidence and Action: E2Pi, the Global Health Group’s New Evidence-to-Policy Initiative

May 3, 2010
For many of the world’s major health challenges—including the enormous burden of HIV, TB, malaria, and maternal and child deaths—a failure to translate evidence on what works into practical health policies is costing lives. The Global Health Group recently announced the launch of a new international partnership dedicated to improving global health by helping turn scientific evidence into policy and action. Gavin Yamey, MD, MA, MRCP, San Francisco lead of the Evidence-to-Policy (E2Pi) initiative, will give an overview of this exciting new partnership between GHG and SEEK Development, a global health and development consulting group based in Berlin, Germany. The aim of the initiative is to help address some of the challenges by closing the gap between what is known and what gets done in practice.

Seth Berkley - The Path is Not Always Straight: The challenges of developing an AIDS vaccine for the world

April 5, 2010
AIDS is the number four killer in the world and the number one killer in Sub-Saharan Africa. Current prevention methods, while effective if used, clearly are not sufficient given that nearly 7,400 people become infected with HIV each day. In the last year, scientific advances have shown more promise of developing an effective AIDS vaccine than in the 25 years prior creating a virtual renaissance in AIDS vaccine development. Dr. Seth Berkley, President & CEO of the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI), will discuss these recent advances as well as the evolution of the effort. IAVI, a global product-development partnership working to accelerate the development of preventive HIV vaccines for use throughout the world, has developed and tested seven candidate vaccines over past decade and conducted 25 vaccine trials in 11 countries. In traveling this path, IAVI has helped to establish a world-class network of research centers in Africa and India , and research collaborations, resulting in accomplishments amidst the challenging goal of AIDS vaccine design and development. Seth Berkley is a medical doctor specializing in infectious disease epidemiology and international health. He has been featured in the Time Magazine100 Most Influential People in the World’ and included in ‘The Wired 25’ list, a salute to dreamers, inventors, mavericks and leaders. Dr. Berkley is an adjunct Professor of Medicine at Brown University and an adjunct Professor of Public Health at Columbia University. This month's lecture was co-sponsored by The Salvatore Pablo Lucia Memorial Lecture in Preventive Medicine.

Grant Dorsey - The Epidemiology of Malaria in Cohorts of Children Living in Uganda

March 1, 2010
Malaria remains a leading cause of death and disease in African children. Grant Dorsey, MD, PhD, will discuss the burden of malaria in Africa and the current status of malaria control measures. To illustrate the impact of malaria on children’s lives, data from cohorts of children being followed in urban and rural settings of Uganda will be presented. Grant Dorsey is Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, and GHS Mentor of the Year, 2006. His research interests include clinical and molecular studies of antimalarial drug resistance and the epidemiology of malaria, and also interactions between HIV and malaria.

Jeremy Keenan - Blinding Trachoma: Clinical Trials Assessing Strategies for Elimination

February 1, 2010
Global blindness disproportionately affects the developing world. After discussion of the major causes of global blindness, Dr. Jeremy Keenan will examine the transmission and epidemiology of trachoma. The disease is treated with mass antibiotic distributions, but the appropriate frequency and target population of these treatments are unclear. The results of recent cluster-randomized clinical trials of mass azithromycin distributions for trachoma will be discussed, with emphasis on the study design and implementation.

Jeremy Keenan, MD, MPH, is an assistant adjunct professor at the Francis I. Proctor Foundation and Department of Ophthalmology. He is interested in the epidemiology of major causes of blindness in the developing world, as well as the cost-effectiveness of treatments for these eye diseases. He is currently a member of Dr. Tom Lietman’s team, assisting with clinical trials of mass azithromycin treatments for trachoma in Ethiopia. In addition, he is helping Dr. Todd Margolis with a project to investigate telemedicine screening for CMV retinitis in Thailand.

Philip Hopewell - Global Tuberculosis Control: Progress and Problems

January 4, 2010
Global TB control efforts utilizing the DOTS strategy, and operating largely through the public sector, have been widely implemented and highly successful in diagnosing and treating “usual’ tuberculosis in low resource settings. However, because of drug resistance, HIV infection and other co-morbidities, diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis nowadays is often a complicated undertaking. Dr. Hopewell’s research activities relate to clinical and epidemiological aspects of tuberculosis and tuberculosis control. He is involved in a variety of international tuberculosis control activities including the Stop TB initiative, the Tuberculosis Consortium for Technical Assistance, the Global Investment Plan for Tuberculosis, and WHO advisory groups.

2009

Phil Darney - The Components of Worldwide Safe Motherhood

December 7, 2009
Maternal mortality rates show great regional variation and are a sensitive indicator of the value a society places on women and health care. Inexpensive, available public health tools could make a huge impact on the disproportionate burden of morbidity and mortality borne by women in developing countries. Philip Darney, MD, MSc, is professor and Chief of Obstetrics and Gynecology at San Francisco General Hospital, and co-director of the Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health. He is also the co-director of the Women’s Health & Empowerment center of expertise at the newly established UC Global Health Institute.

Tom Coates - Project Accept in Southern Africa: Preventing HIV Transmission in the Hardest Hit Area in the World

November 2, 2009
Tom Coates, PhD, is the Director of the UCLA Program in Global Health, and is the Michael and Sue Steinberg Endowed Professor of Global AIDS Research within the Division of Infectious Diseases at UCLA. He co-founded the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) at UCSF, was the founding Executive Director of the UCSF AIDS Research Institute (ARI), and is currently co-director of planning for the UC Global Health Institute. His areas of emphasis and expertise are HIV prevention, the relationship of prevention and treatment for HIV, and HIV policies.

Susan Meffert - Global Mental Health Research with Traumatized Populations

October 5, 2009
Susan Meffert, MD, MPH is Assistant Clinical Professor at UCSF, Burke Scholar at UCSF Global Health Sciences and Medical Director of the Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma. She conducts randomized controlled trials with populations affected by armed conflict and natural disaster with the goal of developing sustainable, evidence-based mental health interventions delivered by local personnel. Dr. Meffert will be discussing her research with Sudanese and Darfur refugees as a case study of her work and the methods used in global mental health research.

George Rutherford - Novel H1N1 Influenza: Origins, Current Epidemiology and Future Course

September 14, 2009
George W. Rutherford, M.D., is Director of the Global Health Sciences Prevention and Public Health Group, Salvatore Pablo Lucia Professor of Preventive Medicine, and Head of the Division of Preventive Medicine and Public Health in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics in the School of Medicine at UCSF. He is also Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology and Health Administration at the School of Public Health at UC Berkeley. Following training in epidemiology in the Centers for Disease Control's Epidemic Intelligence Service, he spent the majority of his professional career in public health practice, with primary emphasis on the epidemiology and control of communicable diseases. Dr. Rutherford is currently Director of the Joint UCSF-University of California, Berkeley Residency Program in Public Health and General Preventive Medicine.